In his book, On Becoming a Leader, Warren Bennis discusses the difference between managers and leaders. Leaders, he says, are those who master their context, while managers are those who simply surrender to it. Here are twelve other differences that Bennis says are enormous and crucial:

1. The manager administers; the leader innovates.

2. The manager is a copy; the leader is an original.

3. The manager maintains; the leader develops.

4. The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people.

5. The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust.

6. The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range perspective.

7. The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why.

8. The manager has his eye on the bottom line; the leader’s eye is on the horizon.

9. The manager imitates; the leader originates.

10. The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it.

11. The manager is the classic good soldier; the leader is his or her own person.

12. The manager does things right; the leader does the right thing.

Are you managing or leading? What else would you add to this list?


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